FOCUS ON THE ITALIAN POLITICAL SITUATION by Roberto Lacchini

Next year, probably in spring, Italy will have its general elections while a climate of general insecurity reigns in the country.
The current government is politically weak because of the narrow majority in Parliament, and his first aim is now to guide the country safely towards this crucial national step.
In this context there are two most compelling issues that the future winners – coming from either the right or the left wing – will have to face, namely the economic situation and the migrants crisis.
Italian Economy started to recover after the recession and now the GDP growing by 1% a year, which is not enough.
Italy in fact has still a high level of unemployment (11,3% in May 2017) compared to the most developed countries in the EU, but the biggest issue is youth unemployment (37 %), which is the third highest after Greece and Spain.
However, some reforms, such as the 2014 Jobs Act, have partly worked and the trend of the last three years has shown faint signs of recovery, giving the Italians a glimpse of hope for a better future.
The other enormous current problem is the huge number of immigrates that have landed on the Italian coasts. According to the UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), in the first six months of 2017 the official number of migrants that arrived in Italy is 83.731 people, mostly from Nigeria, Bangladesh and Guinea, and the situation is getting worse every year.
The EU has virtually left Italy to face this emergency, but it is difficult to imagine how such a huge problem can be solved a one country alone.
The Italians are quit fed up with the current situation which, should it continue, might result in social unrest. The migrants crisis could be a crucial topic in the next election campaign, which might help the so-called “populist parties” that have been protesting for years against the government and the EU about this issue.



Share This